Insects

Brown Recluse Spider

Brown Recluse SpiderAdults are usually about the size of a quarter, easily identified with a violin or fiddle shaped marking on its dorsum. Brown recluses are becoming more common in Iowa possibly due to climate changes. They prefer dark areas during daylight hours, such as closets, attics, and crawl spaces. Recluse spiders do not make webs and feed on other insects. Bites should be taken very seriously and immediate medical attention should be sought. Most bites occur when subjects roll on a spider in bed or put on clothing that has a spider inside.

What we will do
We would perform a thorough inspection both inside and outside of structures. Treatments would be performed every two months following initial service to properly treat for Brown Recluse Spiders.

Household Spiders

Household SpidersHousehold spiders are usually brown or tan in color. Their size varies from 3/8 to 1/2 inch in size. Typically, household spiders are not a danger to health, although bites and webs may be annoying to homeowners. Spiders generally feed on other insects and are more common in areas of high humidity such as basements, sheds, and garages.

What We Will Do
Spider treatments include an initial inside and outside treatment to all structures, including web removal. Cob web removal is important in eliminating egg sacs which produce many more spiders.

Carpenter Ants

Carpenter AntsUsually, approximately 1/4 to 1/2 inch long and black in color. Young ants can have a red coloring. Carpenter ants are the most common property ants in the Midwest causing damage to houses and wooden structures every year. Contrary to popular belief, ants do not eat wood like termites but “excavate” wood to make room for nests. Nest locations can be identified by piles of sawdust which are thrown out to make room for tunnels leaving hollow voids in wood. In spring time, winged reproductive ants will fly around looking for locations to make new colonies. Important measures that you as a property owner can take include:

  • Ensure carpenter ants do not have a water supply by making repairs to leaky roofs or plumbing fixtures.
  • Store firewood away from home.
  • Prune trees to eliminate any dead wood.
  • Remove dead tree stumps.

What We Will Do
Thorough treatments are necessary to control ants as colonies can be located up to 300 yards away in trees and stumps. We will inspect area to locate possible nest sites and treat sites as necessary. Ants prefer water damaged wood and high moisture areas.

German Cockroaches

German CockroachesBrown in color usually 1/2″ in length with two stripes on the front of the body. Prefer moist, humid kitchens and bathrooms. Roaches are usually “brought in” to a structure on grocery bags or cardboard. They will feed on glue, toothpaste and other products. Roaches are a health risk and have been shown to cause asthma in children and adults.

What We Will Do
Thorough treatments are required to control infestations as eggs can hatch quickly and start new populations. Baiting is typically the most effective form of treatment but thorough spray treatments are also an option. Homeowners may need to eliminate food particles, cover garbage, and eliminate other possible food sources.

Centipedes

CentipedesUsually brown to orange brown in color, they can be 1 – 1/2 inches long with many legs. Centipedes prey on spiders and other insects making themselves beneficial in outdoor environments. They prefer wood mulch and areas of high vegetation. Centipedes can and will bite humans if handled or disturbed with a bite similar to a bee sting. Treatments can be effective if done thoroughly.

What We Will Do
Smart pest solutions would initially treat inside and outside of structures forming a barrier around structure. Continual treatments are necessary in order to keep pest numbers down.

Millipedes

MillipedesMillipedes are usually 1/2 – 1/4″ long and appear brown or black in color. They are not harmful to humans and feed on decaying plant and animal life. Millipedes live in soil but cannot tolerate high moisture or drought conditions. If these conditions are present, they will be forced to surface in high numbers.

What We Will Do
Treatments can be difficult to control high numbers and need to be done on a regular basis. Soil may need to be injected or saturated with product.

Beetles

Asian Lady BeetlesAsian lady beetles are relatively new to the U.S. and are considered an invasive species. Initially brought into the country to control aphids in crops their numbers have expanded out of control with no natural predators. Some studies have shown that high infestations in and around structures can cause allergies and asthma. Beetles prefer to congregate on the warm sides of structures and can infest homes and buildings with extremely high numbers. They can bite when in contact with skin.

What We Will Do
Spray treatments can be effective when done on regular basis. Spray treatments would be targeted to areas of infestation of pest, such as high on structure or on the warm side of structure where insects congregate.

Boxelder Bugs

Boxelder BugsGrey to Black in color with red stripes. Usually, 1/2 inch long they feed on maple and boxelder trees. Boxelder bugs, like Asian beetles prefer to congregate on warm sides of structures. They are harmless to humans other than being a nuisance.

What We Will Do
Thorough treatments can significantly reduce numbers. Spray treatments would be targeted to areas of infestation of pest, such as high on structure or on the warm side of structure where insects congregate.

Clover Mites

Clover MitesTiny in size, no larger than a pinhead, bright red in color. Mites feed on grass and other plants. Mites can be a nuisance but are not dangerous to humans. Keeping grass mowed and shrubs trimmed away from structure can reduce numbers.

What We Will Do
Mites can be treated with general protective sprays usually requiring wider barriers including grass and shrubs.

Hornets/Wasps

Hornets/WaspsPaper wasps are brown with yellow patterns, sizes are about 3/4″. Nests are usually on tree limbs or hanging off roofs and look like an upside down paper cone. Paper wasps feed on other insects and will sting while defending nests. Removal of nests is necessary in control. Bald faced hornets are black with white patterns, usually about 1 inch in length. Bald faced hornets are extremely aggressive with nests on trees and shrubs. They also feed on other insects.

What We Will Do
Effective control includes completely removing nests, preferably at night. Regular inspection of premises and treatments can keep insects from returning.