Not much is know about this creature. It is not a spider but considered an arthropod or solupugid. They can and do bite and can create quite a medical problem. They only live in arid areas and stay in burrows in the sand. Camel spiders prey on insects and other smaller creatures like mice. They are also prey of birds, reptiles and even humans. Camel spiders are considered beneficial but are pests when they invade human homes. People in Iowa don’t need to worry about these creatures.
There are about 100 species of wolf spider in the U.S. They can be intimidating because of the large sizes they can reach, up to 35mm. usually black in color; they are also brown and spotted. Wolf spiders hunt large insects and run quite fast on the ground. They have burrows in the ground and usually leave at night to hunt prey.
Wolf spiders can be found frequently indoors and can bite humans. They also help keep general insect numbers in check. Wood piles, underneath stones and rocks are good breeding grounds for the spiders. The large, hairy appearance is usually the worst thing about these spiders. Wolf spiders are active in day and night
Sac spiders are yellow in color and build a sac like structure where they hide in the daytime. There are only two species of sac spiders in the U.S. but it is thought that they are responsible for very high percentage of spider bites inside homes. It is not known if the bites can become serious. They are about 4-10 mm in size.
Bites are generally when the spider is disturbed in bedding or clothing but it is thought that they will also bite when unprovoked. They will be found in corners of ceilings and walls of basements and all over the house. Sac spiders are a nuisance and should be treated with insecticides when large numbers are present in homes. They will be found outdoors and indoors throughout the season.
House spiders are found all over the U.S. and the world. They are the most prevalent spider in homes and structures. The webs can become a nuisance if not removed on a regular basis. They are about 5-8mm in size and are brown or black colored.
House spiders prefer dark, moist areas with high numbers of other insects. They can be controlled with spraying and removal of webs and eggs. They are harmless to people but rather a housekeeping nuisance
Cellar/Daddy Longlegs Spiders
Daddy longlegs have long legs about 2-8mm in length and are off brown colored. They are usually found along basement ceilings and front porches.
Daddy longlegs are harmless to people and feed on other insects and spiders. Pest control can be used to keep numbers down but homeowners can also remove webs and eggs to keep numbers down. They are the most common spider of homeowners in Iowa and many other states.
These spiders are called hobos because they hitch rides with humans and transfer to different areas. They are found all over the western states but the range is spreading rapidly. It is thought that the bite might cause legions but medical research is foggy on this subject.
Adults are 11-14mm in length and are off brown colored. They prefer dark, moist areas that are undisturbed. They are not good climbers so they are mainly found along the ground. Hobo spiders will make nests in cracks and also in the ground. Usually, the holes are surrounded by the silken web which helps catch prey. Hobos feed on other insects and other spiders. Control is the same as other spiders with spray and keeping clutter off the ground around the house. When these spiders invade homes, crack and crevice treatments are necessary. Remove webs and eggs to keep numbers in check.