Weevils are also located all over the U.S. and are usually about 1/8-11mm long. Generally black in color they mainly feed on plants and can invade structures when food sources are no longer available. Removal of plant debris and decaying vegetation is one of the only ways to control weevils. They are harmless to humans other than being an annoyance.
Thrips are very small about 1/64 of an inch in length and black colored. Thrips are found all over the U.S. and can actually bite people. They generally congregate in gardens and around flowers but can invade homes. Thrips can also transfer diseases in plants and flowers destroying them. Several applications of pesticides can be necessary to control thrips where they are prevalent
Pill bugs are found all over the world and in the U.S. When disturbed they will roll up into a ball and many people refer to them as “rolliepollies”. Pill bugs are about ¼ inch long and black colored. Pill bugs are not actually arthropods and not insects. They are confined to high moisture areas, thick vegetation, and under rocks, boards and structures. Pill bugs feed on decaying plant and animal matter and are harmless pests. Control can be achieved by removing grass clippings, mowing regularly, raking leaves and spraying on a normal basis.
Earwigs are unique looking insects because of they have two back stinger looking cerci. Some people think that they bore into peoples ears at night and that is how they got the name. This is a myth; earwigs are harmless and feed on decaying vegetation and plant matter. They are a nuisance when numbers increase to huge levels and sometimes damage ornamental plants and vegetables. Control can be achieved by reducing yard waste and vegetation around homes and structures. Spraying residual pesticides is also extremely effective. Earwigs are found all over the Midwest.
House crickets are found throughout the U.S. and are about ¾ of an inch long. Light brown in color they feed on fabric and can create damage in homes. Sometimes they will chew on screens of windows and doors creating holes where other pests will enter. They will also feed on clothing, carpet and wool products.
Control can be accomplished by keeping yards mowed and garbage picked up. Spraying on a regular basis can be effective but needs to be done every few months to keep numbers down. Crack and crevice treatments inside homes are also necessary.
Lone Star Tick
These ticks are found in the south and central states. They look the same as other ticks except they have a white spot on the back. They also can carry certain diseases. Control can be done by cutting back vegetation and wearing protective clothing when in the woods. All of these ticks generally have the same habits and look similar. Thoroughly checking clothing and showering after being in the outdoors is good practice.
Deer or Blacklegged Tick
These ticks have become quite famous in Iowa and the Midwest because they have become much more common and carry lyme disease. They are hard to distinguish from other ticks other than the fact that they are small in size. Deer ticks have the same habits and life cycles as other ticks but are dangerous because of lyme disease.
Lyme disease symptoms include fevers, chills, headaches, muscle aches, and vomiting. The first sign that someone has been bitten by a deer tick and may have lyme disease is a bull’s eye mark on the skin. If seen, immediate medical attention should be sought. Control of these ticks is the same as other ticks and includes keeping vegetation cut back and pets need to be treated with frontline
Mosquitoes are found throughout the U.S and the world. They carry numerous diseases including: West nile virus, malaria, dengue and yellow fever just to name a few. Some species found in the U.S are yellow fever mosquito, tiger, floodwater, northern house, southern house, and eastern mosquitoes. Eggs are laid on stagnant or slow moving water and develop into adults. Eggs develop in just a few days.
There are several different tactics homeowners can use to keep mosquitoe numbers down in the summer. Gutters and eaves on homes should be cleared of standing water and debris. Bird baths also offer water that is perfect for eggs and young. Spraying and fogging can be done on a regular basis to keep adult numbers in check. Adults like to congregate on leaves and bushes during the day so these are great areas to spray. Standing water in the yard or anywhere around the home should be removed. Many city and state governments will fog neighborhoods on a regular basis especially in areas with creeks and ponds. Citronella candles can also help keep mosquitoes at bay. Proper screens and exclusion practices can be used to keep mosquitoes out of homes. Use proper clothing at night along with a repellant when going outside.
As many people know, lice are found all over the world and can carry disease including, typhus and trench fever. Lice are a medical problem and can only be treated by doctors not exterminators. They are tiny in size, only about 1mm in length. Usually seeing the eggs in hair or on the body is the only way to detect lice. They transfer by attaching eggs to areas that then attach to other people. If an infestation is suspected, medical professionals should be called immediately
Stable flies get the name from associating with stable livestock and other animals. Homeowners sometimes refer to them as biting house flies because of the similar appearance. Adults are usually about 7-8 mm long. Eggs are laid in hay, excess yard waste, rotting debris and moist areas. Adults can take a blood meal several times a day.
It is thought that open garbage cans in the summer can produce up to 30,000 flies a week so it is important to cover trash and garbage. Dog and pet waste needs to be cleaned up on a regular basis. Exclusion techniques can be used to keep the flies out of homes. Light traps and repellants are also effective means of keeping them at bay. Rotting vegetation and yard waste should be removed whenever possible. Many pet owners will have high fly numbers due to pet waste.